Mohamed ElBaradei, the former head of the United Nations nuclear watchdog, has issued a public call for political change in Egypt ahead of presidential elections planned for next year. Elbaradei, who is seen as a potential candidate for the polls, made the call at a meeting in northeast Egypt, defying an emergency law that bans gatherings critical of the government of Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian president.
"The state may be a centralised power but the people are stronger," he said on Friday.
ElBaradei urged the crowd of about 700 people to add their names to a petition seeking constitutional change to allow independents to run for president. "Once we gather as many names as possible we will put it forward and bring about real change," he said. The petition also calls for the emergency law that allows detention without charge and bans anti-government political activity like ElBaradei's public speech to be revoked.
"We seek peaceful reform by rallying large numbers of supporters for change. We seek constitutional amendments and free and fair elections," ElBaradei said. "The Egyptian citizen has the right to choose his president."
The gathering in Mansoura, a university town between Cairo and the Mediterranean Sea, drew students dressed in shirts bearing his image, as well as doctors, taxi drivers, engineers and housewives.
"Oh, ElBaradei, Egypt wants democracy!" supporters chanted.
"There are thousands of alternatives in Egypt, ElBaradei is proof."
The crowd sang the national anthem and also chanted, "ElBaradei, say it strongly, Egypt wants democracy".
ElBaradei said his aim was to bring as many people as possible to the streets.
"What we saw today is the writing on the wall," ElBaradei told the Reuters news agency."The average Egyptian is out on the street calling for change, and this destroys the myth that this movement is by the elite or is just a virtual one on the internet."
Political analysts say the chances of securing constitutional change by next year are remote, with Mubarak's ruling National Democratic Party dominating political life in the most populous Arab nation. Mubarak, 81, who has ruled since 1981, has not said if he plans to run for a sixth six-year term in 2011, but many Egyptians speculate that he will seek to hand power to his son Gamal. Speaking about Western governments support of Mubarak, Elbaradei told Britain's Guardian newspaper on Thursday that their policies towards Arab governments risked encouraging Islamic extremism. "People feel repressed by their own governments, they feel unfairly treated by the outside world, they wake up in the morning and they see Muslims from Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Sudan and Darfur being shot and killed."