Levy is a journalist who relentlessly critisizes the occupation, Israels xonophoby and its policy towards the Palestinians. He is a member of Haartez' editorial board. He writes a weekly Twilight Zone feature, which covers the Israeli occupation in the West Bank and Gaza and also authors political editorials. In 2010 he published a book, The Punishment of Gaza.
Raheb works for the Lutheran church in Bethlehem, and founded the Dar al-Kalima University College of Arts and Culture that offers young people an opportunity to investigate their Palestinian identity.
The prize worth 75,000 dollars was created in 1987 in memory of late Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme, who was assassinated in 1986. Previous recipients include Congolese physician Denis Mukwege, former Czech president and dissident Vaclav Havel, Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi and Amnesty International.