Friday, November 12, 2010

Two largest Iraqi parties consent to a deal under which finally a government can be formed

Left Nouri al Maliki, right Iyad Allawi

At long last, eight months after the parliamentary elections of March 7, it seems that the two most important Iraqi parties have agreed on a formula for a new government. Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani was elected president again on Tursday by the parliament. Under constitution he should ask the leader of the bloc with the largest following to form the government within 30 days.
The leader of the largest party is Iyad Allawi., whose secular Iraqiya Party has 91 seats, while al-Maliki’s Shiite State of Law coalition won 89. But al-Maliki has found new coalition partners since the election, which means that he is in een better position than Allawi and consequently he was given the job..
Iraqiyya consented, but according to Al-Jazeera English, .Iraqiya has said its participation to the deal hinged on four conditions: a bill forming a new security body of which Allawi will become president; the forming of a committee examining cases against political detainees; codification of the power-sharing deal; and annulment of the bans against three Iraqiya members, Salih al-Mutlak, Zafar al-Ani, and Rasim al-Awadi, who the ‘Justice and Accountability Commission,’ led by partisan Shiites, had banned for having been too close to the former Baath Party of the late president Saddam Hussein.A fifth condition was not named, but that was apparently that parliament voted to make Osama al-Nujaifi, a Sunni Arab member of the Iraqiya coalition, the new speaker of parliament.
Iraqiya, a cross-sectarian political bloc, expressed hope it "would not be obliged to change its decision to participate in the political process if these conditions are not met".The backing of Iraqiya was seen as vital to preventing a resurgence of violence.
A series of attacks on Christian targets across Baghdad on Wednesday stirred renewed fear in the minority community.The bomb and mortar blasts occurred just 10 days after a bloody siege at a Catholic cathedral in the capital that killed 52 people.

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