Today's verdict is final.
In June 2012, Mubarak was sentenced by a criminal court to life in
prison - 20 years in jail per Egyptian law - for his complicity in the
murder of protestors during the 18-day January 2011 uprising that ended
his 30-year rule. However, in January 2013, the Cassation Court overturned Mubarak's
conviction and ordered a retrial. The Cassation Court also upheld the
acquittal of other defendants in the same case, including Mubarak's last
interior minister Habib El-Adly and four of his aides.
In November 2014, the criminal court retrying Mubarak acquitted the
former president and all co-defendants of killing protesters, reasoning
that the prosecution's initial decision on 23 March, 2011 to charge
Mubarak lacked the legal basis to bring a criminal case against him. On Thursday, Mubarak's defence lawyer Farid El-Deeb called on the court
to acquit Mubarak, arguing that the criminal court acquitted El-Adly
and his aides over the same charges leveled against Mubarak in 2014.
Since his downfall in 2011, the former President stood trial in a
number of criminal cases on various charges, but received a final
conviction only in one on corruption charges. In January 2016, the Court of Cassation upheld a three-year prison
sentence for Mubarak and his two sons for corruption in the case known
as "the presidential palaces lawsuit," for using public funds --
appropriated for the maintenance of presidential palaces -- to upgrade
his private property. The 88-year-old ousted president has been confined to Maadi Military Hospital for treatment since 2012.
At the time of the verdict in the case, Mubarak's sons had already been
behind bars for more than three years and, therefore, were eventually